USA NOVELTY NUMBER PLATES

  • COWBOYS SUCK

    This US import Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm. We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. Some are lightly embossed and some are flat products and all these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements

  • COWBOYS KICK ASS!

    Our US import Novelty Number Plates measure 12 x 6in (30 x 15cm) and may be lightly-embossed or flat productsWe carry only the highest quality novelty number plates that are manufactured and these are lightweight aluminium for durability and each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. All these fun and unique designs will make a funny and thoughtful gift sure to generate lots of fun conversation and look great hanging in your garage bar rec room games room or where ever you want to hang them.We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements.

  • COWBOY WITH LONGHORN SKULL

    This US import Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm. We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. Some are lightly embossed and some are flat products and all these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements

  • COWBOY UP

    This US import Dixie Novelty Plate measures 12 x 6 inches (30 x 15cm) and is a non-embossed flat product.We carry only the highest quality plates that are manufactured and these are lightweight aluminium for durability and each is pre-drilled so ready to hang.All Dixies fun and unique designs will make a humerous and thoughtful gift sure to generate lots of conversation as well as look great hanging in bedrooms garages bars playrooms games room or where ever you want to hang them.We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements." 

  • COWBOY CADILLAC

    This US import Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm.We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. Some are lightly embossed and some are flat products and all these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements

  • COUNTRY TILL I DIE

    This US import Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm. We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. Some are lightly embossed and some are flat products and all these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements

  • COUNTRY GIRL ON CONFED FLAG

    COUNTRY GIRL ON CONFED FLAG Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm. We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. Some are lightly embossed and some are flat products and all these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements"

  • COOL BUNNY

    Standard U.S.A Size Number Plate

  • REDNECK ON CONFEDERATE

    This REDNECK ON CONFEDERATE Novelty Number Plate measures 12 x 6in (30 x 15cm) and is a non-embossed product. The image changed to the one shown here in 2015 We carry only the highest quality novelty number plates that are manufactured and these are lightweight aluminium for durability and each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. All these fun and unique designs will make a funny and thoughtful gift sure to generate lots of fun conversation and look great hanging in your garage bar rec room games room or where ever you want to hang them.We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition.

  • CONFEDERATE REBEL MONSTER

    This Dixie Novelty Car Plate is made in the USA from high quality aluminium and is very durable and long lasting and may be placed and used outside. Yes,aluminium signs are a wee bit more expensive than some of their non-metal counterparts,but they make up for it in durability,quality and appearance.  Each is pre-drilled top and bottom so ready to hang. We sell for a great price,and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer,each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition

  • CONFEDERATE REBEL CAP & FLAG

    This Dixie Novelty Car Plate is made in the USA from high quality aluminium and is very durable and long lasting and may be placed and used outside. Yes,aluminium signs are a wee bit more expensive than some of their non-metal counterparts,but they make up for it in durability,quality and appearance.  Each is pre-drilled top and bottom so ready to hang. We sell for a great price,and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer,each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top conditionte

  • CONFEDERATE FLAG WITH STALLION

    This Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 30cm x 15cm and imported from USA. This US import Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm. We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. Some are lightly embossed and some are flat products and all these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements

  • CONFEDERATE FLAG WITH SKULL X BONES

    This US import Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm.We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. This is a non-embossed product.All these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements

  • CONFEDERATE FLAG WITH REBEL WITH A CAUSE ON MBIKE

    This Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 30cm x 15cm and imported from USA. This US import Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm. We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. Some are lightly embossed and some are flat products and all these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements

  • CONFEDERATE FLAG WITH REBEL PRIDE

    This Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 30cm x 15cm and imported from USA. This US import Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm. We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. Some are lightly embossed and some are flat products and all these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements

  • CONFEDERATE FLAG WITH COWBOY

    This US import Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm. We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. Some are lightly embossed and some are flat products and all these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements

  • CONFEDERATE FLAG WITH CHARGER

    This US import Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm. We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. Some are lightly embossed and some are flat products and all these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements

  • Confederate Flag w / wolf

    This US import Dixie Novelty Number Plates measures 12 x 6in (30 x 15cm) and is a lightly embossed productWe carry only the highest quality novelty number plates that are manufactured and these are lightweight aluminium for durability and each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. All these fun and unique designs will make a funny and thoughtful gift sure to generate lots of fun conversation and look great hanging in your garage  bar  rec room  games room or where ever you want to hang them.We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements.

  • Confederate Flag – with Bald Eagle Head

    This US import Dixie Novelty Number Plates measures 12 x 6in (30 x 15cm) and is a lightly embossed productWe carry only the highest quality novelty number plates that are manufactured and these are lightweight aluminium for durability and each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. All these fun and unique designs will make a funny and thoughtful gift sure to generate lots of fun conversation and look great hanging in your garage bar rec room games room or where ever you want to hang them.We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements.

  • CONFEDERATE DERN TOOTIN I’M A REBEL

    This Dixie Novelty Car Plate is made in the USA from high quality aluminium and is very durable and long lasting and may be placed and used outside. Yes,aluminium signs are a wee bit more expensive than some of their non-metal counterparts,but they make up for it in durability,quality and appearance.  Each is pre-drilled top and bottom so ready to hang. We sell for a great price,and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer,each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition

  • CONFED FLAG BACKGROUND – HELL YEAH I’M A REDNECK WOMAN

    This US import Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm.We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. This is a non-embossed  flat product and all these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements"

  • COCA-COLA LIGHTNING FLASHES

    The COCA-COLA LIGHTNING FLASHES novelty plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm. It's a lightly embossed product.All these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements

  • COCA-COLA U.S.A FLAG

    This licenced Dixie Novelty Car Plate is made in the USA from high quality aluminium and is very durable and long lasting and may be placed and used outside. Yes,aluminium signs are a wee bit more expensive than some of their non-metal counterparts,but they make up for it in durability,quality and appearance.  Each is pre-drilled top and bottom so ready to hang. We sell for a great price,and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer,each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top conditionFor well over half a century Licence Plate collecting has been a serious hobby in the USA and there are many clubs and swap meets . We are NOT dealing in authentic Licence Plates – we are just into the fun side of the industry which has a massive range of Novelty US Plates,of which many are shown on this website. All are Licensed Products complying with Copyright Law,and supplied to us by the most bona-fide dealer in Sacramento.

  • COCA-COLA PLAY REFRESHED

    This licenced Dixie Novelty Car Plate is made in the USA from high quality aluminium and is very durable and long lasting and may be placed and used outside.We sell for a great price,and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer,each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top conditionFor well over half a century Licence Plate collecting has been a serious hobby in the USA and there are many clubs and swap meets . We are NOT dealing in authentic Licence Plates – we are just into the fun side of the industry which has a massive range of Novelty US Plates,of which many are shown on this website. All are Licensed Products complying with Copyright Law,and supplied to us by the most bona-fide dealer in Sacramento.  .

  • COCA-COLA Logo on coloured spots

    This licenced Dixie Novelty Car Plate is made in the USA from high quality aluminium and is very durable and long lasting and may be placed and used outside. Yes,aluminium signs are a wee bit more expensive than some of their non-metal counterparts,but they make up for it in durability,quality and appearance.  Each is pre-drilled top and bottom so ready to hang. We sell for a great price,and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer,each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition

  • CHURCH CHILDREN HAVE A BETTER CHANCE

    There are 17 plates in this range of religious themed novelty plates as listed below1) GOD IS MY CO-PILOT;  2) GOD PUT IT ALL TOGETHER;  3) SMILE – GOD LOVES YOU;   4)IN GOD WE TRUST;   5) MY BOSS IS A JEWISH CARPENTER;   6) THE PEACE DOVE;   7) BE HAPPY YOU ARE LOVED;      8) JESUS SAVES;  9) CHRIST IS THE ANSWER;  10) JESUS CHRIST – YOUR KEY TO SALVATION;  11) JESUS CHRIST IS THE ANSWER;  12) CHURCH CHILDREN HAVE A BETTER CHANCE;   13) THE FAMILY THAT PRAYS TOGETHER,STAYS TOGETHER;   14) DON’T WAIT FOR THE HEARSE TO TAKE YOU TO CHURCH;   15) WHEN ALL ELSE FAILS – FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS;    16) AS LONG AS THERE ARE FINAL EXAMS,THERE WILL BE PRAYER IN SCHOOL    17) IXOYE (FISH OR LITTLE FISHES)Dixie’s US Novelty Car Plates are made from high quality aluminium and very durable and long lasting and may be placed and used outside.  Yes,aluminium signs are a wee bit more expensive than some of their non-metal counterparts,but they make up for it in durability,quality and appearance.  Each is pre-drilled top and bottom so ready to hang. We sell for a great price,and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer,each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition

  • CHOPPER MADE OF SKULL & BONES

    This US import Dixie Novelty Car Plate measures 12in x 6in or 30cm x 15cm. We carry only the highest quality License Plates and Signs that are manufactured. Some are lightly embossed and some are flat products and all these fun and unique designs are sure to generate lots of fun conversation! Made from lightweight aluminium for durability and can be put anywhere even outside. Each is pre-drilled so ready to hang. We sell for a great price and offer a wide variety so get yours today! For protection from factory to customer each is shrink-sealed in plastic film and we freight with extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition. All items we stock are licensed in accordance with trademark and copyright requirements

  • CHEVY Red Bow Tie – word CHEVY

    CHEVY Red Bow Tie - word CHEVY plate comes standard as lightly embossed and made from high quality aluminium. Artwork is applied by a dye sublimation process with a lovely gloss finish. They measure 30 x 15 cm, exactly the same as other US made novelty number plates; even the mounting holes are in exactly the same positions, so they can easily be hung on display indoors or outdoors. GM Trademarks used undr licence - GM barcode 99L0971 For protection during delivery we use extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition If you would like plates made to your own design, we can easily do this for you. Virtually anything you want can be created with our modern digital equipment.  The key is good art, and we can do ANY GRAPHIC!    ANY DESIGN!    ANY COLOUR! For more details on creating a plate to your design please click here Important note about images we provide : Just as we sometimes see that “pricing is subject to change without notice”, so too are “designs subject to change without notice”. In 99.99% of cases, what you see on Dixie’s website or brochure is what you get. However, there are the odd times when designs have changed in some small way (eg: maybe a logo moves to a different location on the item, or the colour changes). Sometimes this information doesn’t always trickle down until the new designs are manufactured and shipped to Dixie. We hope this is helpful and understandable.

  • CHEV Red Bow Tie on Flames

    The CHEV Red Bow Tie on Flames plate comes standard as lightly embossed and made from high quality aluminium. Artwork is applied by a dye sublimation process with a lovely gloss finish. They measure 30 x 15 cm, exactly the same as other US made novelty number plates; even the mounting holes are in exactly the same positions, so they can easily be hung on display indoors or outdoors. Official Licenced GM Trademarks used under license 49X95 - GM barcode E51070 For protection during delivery we use extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition If you would like plates made to your own design, we can easily do this for you. Virtually anything you want can be created with our modern digital equipment.  The key is good art, and we can do ANY GRAPHIC!    ANY DESIGN!    ANY COLOUR! For more details on creating a plate to your design please click here Important note about images we provide : Just as we sometimes see that “pricing is subject to change without notice”, so too are “designs subject to change without notice”. In 99.99% of cases, what you see on Dixie’s website or brochure is what you get. However, there are the odd times when designs have changed in some small way (eg: maybe a logo moves to a different location on the item, or the colour changes). Sometimes this information doesn’t always trickle down until the new designs are manufactured and shipped to Dixie. We hope this is helpful and understandable.

  • CHEV RED BOW TIE ON CROSSED FLAGS

    CHEV RED BOW TIE ON CROSSED FLAGS plate comes standard as lightly embossed and made from high quality aluminium. Artwork is applied by a dye sublimation process with a lovely gloss finish. They measure 30 x 15 cm, exactly the same as other US made novelty number plates; even the mounting holes are in exactly the same positions, so they can easily be hung on display indoors or outdoors. Official Licenced GM Trademarks under license to 49X95- GM barcode 99L0578 For protection during delivery we use extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition If you would like plates made to your own design, we can easily do this for you. Virtually anything you want can be created with our modern digital equipment.  The key is good art, and we can do ANY GRAPHIC!    ANY DESIGN!    ANY COLOUR! For more details on creating a plate to your design please click here Important note about images we provide : Just as we sometimes see that “pricing is subject to change without notice”, so too are “designs subject to change without notice”. In 99.99% of cases, what you see on Dixie’s website or brochure is what you get. However, there are the odd times when designs have changed in some small way (eg: maybe a logo moves to a different location on the item, or the colour changes). Sometimes this information doesn’t always trickle down until the new designs are manufactured and shipped to Dixie. We hope this is helpful and understandable.

  • GENUINE CHEVROLET BLUE BOW TIE ON BLACK

    GENUINE CHEVROLET BLUE BOW TIE ON BLACK plate comes standard as lightly embossed and made from high quality aluminium. Artwork is applied by a dye sublimation process with a lovely gloss finish. They measure 30 x 15 cm, exactly the same as other US made novelty number plates; even the mounting holes are in exactly the same positions, so they can easily be hung on display indoors or outdoors. Official Licenced GM Trademarks used under license to 49X95 - GM barcode 99A0381 For protection during delivery we use extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition If you would like plates made to your own design, we can easily do this for you. Virtually anything you want can be created with our modern digital equipment.  The key is good art, and we can do ANY GRAPHIC!    ANY DESIGN!    ANY COLOUR! For more details on creating a plate to your design please click here Important note about images we provide : Just as we sometimes see that “pricing is subject to change without notice”, so too are “designs subject to change without notice”. In 99.99% of cases, what you see on Dixie’s website or brochure is what you get. However, there are the odd times when designs have changed in some small way (eg: maybe a logo moves to a different location on the item, or the colour changes). Sometimes this information doesn’t always trickle down until the new designs are manufactured and shipped to Dixie. We hope this is helpful and understandable.

  • CORVETTE CROSSED FLAGS

    The CORVETTE CROSSED FLAGS - when Chevrolet was preparing their new Corvette sports car in the early '50s, the task of designing the logo fell to Chevy interior designer Robert Bartholomew. Bartholomew's design featured two crossed flags: One, the checkered flag that symbolized race victory, the other, the American Stars 'n Stripes. However, using the American flag to promote commercial products was illegal at the time, and Chevy execs reportedly decided at the last minute to nix that part of the design. Bartholomew's last-minute replacement was a flag sporting both the Chevrolet logo and a fleur-de-lis, a French symbol that was reportedly part of Louis Chevrolet's family crest. New badges were whipped up based on Bartholomew's drawings, and the Corvette debuted in 1953 at New York's Waldorf-Astoria hotel. There are two types of this plate (a) with the 1960's flag logo GM Trademarks used under license to 49X95 - GM barcode 99L0971 (b) with the 2005 flag logo MC50152 GM Trademarks used under license to 49X95 - GM barcode 99L1166 See below for various flag logo years and types types. CORVETTE CROSSED FLAGS plate comes standard as lightly embossed and made from high quality aluminium. Artwork is applied by a dye sublimation process with a lovely gloss finish. They measure 30 x 15 cm, exactly the same as other US made novelty number plates; even the mounting holes are in exactly the same positions, so they can easily be hung on display indoors or outdoors. For protection during delivery we use extra packing materials to ensure they arrive in tip-top condition From Chroma - Plasticolor. Official Licenced GM Trademarks - GM barcode 045929019900 If you would like plates made to your own design, we can easily do this for you. Virtually anything you want can be created with our modern digital equipment.  The key is good art, and we can do ANY GRAPHIC!    ANY DESIGN!    ANY COLOUR! For more details on creating a plate to your design please click here Important note about images we provide : Just as we sometimes see that “pricing is subject to change without notice”, so too are “designs subject to change without notice”. In 99.99% of cases, what you see on Dixie’s website or brochure is what you get. However, there are the odd times when designs have changed in some small way (eg: maybe a logo moves to a different location on the item, or the colour changes). Sometimes this information doesn’t always trickle down until the new designs are manufactured and shipped to Dixie. We hope this is helpful and understandable.